We consider continuous-time Markov chains on integers which allow transitions to adjacent states only, with alternating rates. This kind of processes are useful in the study of chain molecular diffusions. We give explicit formulas for probability generating functions, and also for means, variances and state probabilities of the random variables of the process. Moreover we study independent random time-changes with the inverse of the stable subordinator, the stable subordinator and the tempered stable subordinator. We also present some asymptotic results in the fashion of large deviations. These results give some generalizations of those presented in [Journal of Statistical Physics 154 (2014), 1352–1364].
In a continuous time nonlinear regression model the residual correlogram is considered as an estimator of the stationary Gaussian random noise covariance function. For this estimator the functional central limit theorem is proved in the space of continuous functions. The result obtained shows that the limiting sample continuous Gaussian random process coincides with the limiting process in the central limit theorem for standard correlogram of the random noise in the specified regression model.