We define power variation estimators for the drift parameter of the stochastic heat equation with the fractional Laplacian and an additive Gaussian noise which is white in time and white or correlated in space. We prove that these estimators are consistent and asymptotically normal and we derive their rate of convergence under the Wasserstein metric.
Stationary processes have been extensively studied in the literature. Their applications include modeling and forecasting numerous real life phenomena such as natural disasters, sales and market movements. When stationary processes are considered, modeling is traditionally based on fitting an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) process. However, we challenge this conventional approach. Instead of fitting an ARMA model, we apply an AR(1) characterization in modeling any strictly stationary processes. Moreover, we derive consistent and asymptotically normal estimators of the corresponding model parameter.
European call option issued on a bond governed by a modified geometric Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, is investigated. Objective price of such option as a function of the mean and the variance of a geometric Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process is studied. It is proved that the “Ornstein-Uhlenbeck” market is arbitrage-free and complete. We obtain risk-neutral measure and calculate the fair price of a call option. We consider also the bond price, governed by a modified fractional geometric Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process with Hurst index $H\in (1/2,1)$. Limit behaviour of the variance of the process as $H\to 1/2$ and $H\to 1$ is studied, the monotonicity of the variance and the objective price of the option as a function of Hurst index is established.
Our paper starts from presentation and comparison of three definitions for the self-similar field. The interconnection between these definitions has been established. Then we consider the Lamperti scaling transformation for the self-similar field and investigate the connection between the scaling transformation for such field and the shift transformation for the corresponding stationary field. It was also shown that the fractional Brownian sheet has the ergodic scaling transformation. The strong limit theorems for the anisotropic growth of the sample paths of the self-similar field at 0 and at ∞ for the upper and lower functions have been proved. It was obtained the upper bound for growth of the field with ergodic scaling transformation for slowly varying functions. We present some examples of iterated log-type limits for the Gaussian self-similar random fields.