Initiated around the year 2007, the Malliavin–Stein approach to probabilistic approximations combines Stein’s method with infinite-dimensional integration by parts formulae based on the use of Malliavin-type operators. In the last decade, Malliavin–Stein techniques have allowed researchers to establish new quantitative limit theorems in a variety of domains of theoretical and applied stochastic analysis. The aim of this survey is to illustrate some of the latest developments of the Malliavin–Stein method, with specific emphasis on extensions and generalizations in the framework of Markov semigroups and of random point measures.
We study asymptotic normality of the randomized periodogram estimator of quadratic variation in the mixed Brownian–fractional Brownian model. In the semimartingale case, that is, where the Hurst parameter H of the fractional part satisfies $H\in (3/4,1)$, the central limit theorem holds. In the nonsemimartingale case, that is, where $H\in (1/2,3/4]$, the convergence toward the normal distribution with a nonzero mean still holds if $H=3/4$, whereas for the other values, that is, $H\in (1/2,3/4)$, the central convergence does not take place. We also provide Berry–Esseen estimates for the estimator.